Skip to main content

Built and signed on GitHub Actions

🦕 A lightweight utility pack for handling unknown type

This package works with Node.js, Deno, BrowsersIt is unknown whether this package works with Bun, Cloudflare Workers
JSR Score
100%
Published
a month ago (3.18.1)

A utility pack for handling unknown type.

Usage

It provides is module for type predicate functions and assert, ensure, and maybe helper functions.

is*

Type predicate function is a function which returns true if a given value is expected type. For example, isString (or is.String) returns true if a given value is string.

import { is } from "@core/unknownutil";

const a: unknown = "Hello";
if (is.String(a)) {
  // 'a' is 'string' in this block
}

For more complex types, you can use is*Of (or is.*Of) functions like:

import {
  is,
  PredicateType,
} from "@core/unknownutil";

const isArticle = is.ObjectOf({
  title: is.String,
  body: is.String,
  refs: is.ArrayOf(
    is.UnionOf([
      is.String,
      is.ObjectOf({
        name: is.String,
        url: is.String,
      }),
    ]),
  ),
  createTime: is.OptionalOf(is.InstanceOf(Date)),
  updateTime: is.OptionalOf(is.InstanceOf(Date)),
});

// Infer the type of `Article` from the definition of `isArticle`
type Article = PredicateType<typeof isArticle>;

const a: unknown = {
  title: "Awesome article",
  body: "This is an awesome article",
  refs: [{ name: "Deno", url: "https://deno.land/" }, "https://github.com"],
};
if (isArticle(a)) {
  // a is narrowed to the type of `isArticle`
  console.log(a.title);
  console.log(a.body);
  for (const ref of a.refs) {
    if (is.String(ref)) {
      console.log(ref);
    } else {
      console.log(ref.name);
      console.log(ref.url);
    }
  }
}

Additionally, you can manipulate the predicate function returned from isObjectOf with isPickOf, isOmitOf, isPartialOf, and isRequiredOf similar to TypeScript's Pick, Omit, Partial, Required utility types.

import { is } from "@core/unknownutil";

const isArticle = is.ObjectOf({
  title: is.String,
  body: is.String,
  refs: is.ArrayOf(
    is.UnionOf([
      is.String,
      is.ObjectOf({
        name: is.String,
        url: is.String,
      }),
    ]),
  ),
  createTime: is.OptionalOf(is.InstanceOf(Date)),
  updateTime: is.OptionalOf(is.InstanceOf(Date)),
});

const isArticleCreateParams = is.PickOf(isArticle, ["title", "body", "refs"]);
// is equivalent to
//const isArticleCreateParams = is.ObjectOf({
//  title: is.String,
//  body: is.String,
//  refs: is.ArrayOf(
//    is.UnionOf([
//      is.String,
//      is.ObjectOf({
//        name: is.String,
//        url: is.String,
//      }),
//    ]),
//  ),
//});

const isArticleUpdateParams = is.OmitOf(isArticleCreateParams, ["title"]);
// is equivalent to
//const isArticleUpdateParams = is.ObjectOf({
//  body: is.String,
//  refs: is.ArrayOf(
//    is.UnionOf([
//      is.String,
//      is.ObjectOf({
//        name: is.String,
//        url: is.String,
//      }),
//    ]),
//  ),
//});

const isArticlePatchParams = is.PartialOf(isArticleUpdateParams);
// is equivalent to
//const isArticlePatchParams = is.ObjectOf({
//  body: is.OptionalOf(is.String),
//  refs: is.OptionalOf(is.ArrayOf(
//    is.UnionOf([
//      is.String,
//      is.ObjectOf({
//        name: is.String,
//        url: is.String,
//      }),
//    ]),
//  )),
//});

const isArticleAvailableParams = is.RequiredOf(isArticle);
// is equivalent to
//const isArticlePutParams = is.ObjectOf({
//  body: is.String,
//  refs: is.ArrayOf(
//    is.UnionOf([
//      is.String,
//      is.ObjectOf({
//        name: is.String,
//        url: is.String,
//      }),
//    ]),
//  ),
//  createTime: is.InstanceOf(Date),
//  updateTime: is.InstanceOf(Date),
//});

If you need an union type or an intersection type, use isUnionOf and isIntersectionOf like:

import { is } from "@core/unknownutil";

const isFoo = is.ObjectOf({
  foo: is.String,
});

const isBar = is.ObjectOf({
  bar: is.String,
});

const isFooOrBar = is.UnionOf([isFoo, isBar]);
// { foo: string } | { bar: string }

const isFooAndBar = is.IntersectionOf([isFoo, isBar]);
// { foo: string } & { bar: string }

assert

The assert function does nothing if a given value is expected type. Otherwise, it throws an AssertError exception like:

import {
  assert,
  is,
} from "@core/unknownutil";

const a: unknown = "Hello";

// `assert` does nothing or throws an `AssertError`
assert(a, is.String);
// a is now narrowed to string

// With custom message
assert(a, is.String, { message: "a must be a string" });

ensure

The ensure function return the value as-is if a given value is expected type. Otherwise, it throws an AssertError exception like:

import {
  ensure,
  is,
} from "@core/unknownutil";

const a: unknown = "Hello";

// `ensure` returns `string` or throws an `AssertError`
const _: string = ensure(a, is.String);

// With custom message
const __: string = ensure(a, is.String, { message: "a must be a string" });

maybe

The maybe function return the value as-is if a given value is expected type. Otherwise, it returns undefined that suites with nullish coalescing operator (??) like:

import {
  is,
  maybe,
} from "@core/unknownutil";

const a: unknown = "Hello";

// `maybe` returns `string | undefined` so it suites with `??`
const _: string = maybe(a, is.String) ?? "default value";
Built and signed on
GitHub Actions
View transparency log

Add Package

deno add @core/unknownutil

Import symbol

import * as mod from "@core/unknownutil";

Add Package

npx jsr add @core/unknownutil

Import symbol

import * as mod from "@core/unknownutil";

Add Package

yarn dlx jsr add @core/unknownutil

Import symbol

import * as mod from "@core/unknownutil";

Add Package

pnpm dlx jsr add @core/unknownutil

Import symbol

import * as mod from "@core/unknownutil";

Add Package

bunx jsr add @core/unknownutil

Import symbol

import * as mod from "@core/unknownutil";