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A framework for efficiently handling web components

Works with
This package works with Browsers
JSR Score
64%
Published
2 weeks ago (0.2.23)

🛠 Webact 🌎

Webact is a tiny library that helps you create web components in a manner similar to Vue and React. Without the need for heavy tools like Babel and Webpack that cripples your iterative workflow. ⚙

Examples

With render method | Like with React class based component

The following will take the result from the render method and put it in ShadomDOM and create a <my-app> component.

import { Component, registerComponent } from 'https://unpkg.com/webact';

class MyApp extends Component {
  static get observedAttributes() {
    return ['to-whom'];
  }

  render({ toWhom }) {
    return `<b>Hello ${toWhom}</b>`;
  }
}

registerComponent(MyApp);

document.querySelector('#app').innerHTML = `
  <div>
    <my-app to-whom="world"></my-app>
  </div>
`;

With HTML and CSS | Like Vue sigle file components

Having HTML, CSS and JS in separate files is kind to both you and all the tools you use! Vue-style, and also the style my team used with Backbone back in the days at TIDAL (read 2015).

The following will load the HTML file into the components ShadowDOM with the CSS and create a <my-app> component.

/components
   /my-app
      /my-app.js
      /my-app.css
      /my-app.html
import { Component, registerComponent } from 'https://unpkg.com/webact';

class MyApp extends Component {
  constructor () {
    super(import.meta.url);
  }

  static get observedAttributes() {
    return ['to-whom'];
  }
}

registerComponent(MyApp);

document.querySelector('#app').innerHTML = `
  <div>
    <my-app to-whom="world"></my-app>
  </div>
`;

With methods | Like React function components

You can create components via functions as well. This is done via the registerFunctionComponent helper method exposed. If observedAttributes is specified the component will re-render when one of those attributes changes.

registerFunctionComponent(callback: Function, { metaUrl: ?string, observedAttributes: ?string[] })

Hooks

Some "hooks" like methods are exposed.

postRender(callback: Function)

/*
Takes a function as input. This function is called on `connectedCallback` in the custom element lifecycle and on `attributeChangedCallback`. Equivalent to the `useEffect` hook and componentDidMount lifecycle callback in React.
*/
propsChange(callback: Function)

/*
Takes a function as input. This function is called on `attributeChangedCallback` in the custom element lifecycle. First parameter is an object with all the attributes of the custom elements. Not that the entire ShadowDOM is trashed on `attributeChangedCallback`, so do not attempt any DOM manipulation here. This is only for reacting to attribute changes for other purposes.
*/
html(markup: string[])
/*
Tagged template litteral. Call this with your markup and it will be injected into the shadow DOM of your component.
*/
useHTML(path: ?string)
/*
If there is a path specified, it will be fetched and used for the markup in the shadow DOM. If no path is specified and the second argument to registerFunctionComponent is the path to the JS file provided you follow the recommended component structure, a file with the same name as the js file in the same folder will be fetches but with the .html extention for use as markup in the shadow DOM.
*/
css(styles: string[])
/*
Tagged template litteral. Call this with your styles and it will be injected as a Constructable Stylesheet into the shadow DOM of you component.
*/
useCSS(path: ?string)
/*
If there is a path specified, it will be fetched and used for the Constructable Stylsheet for the shadow DOM. If no path is specified and the second argument to registerFunctionComponent is the path to the JS file provided you follow the recommended component structure, a file with the same name as the js file in the same folder will be fetches but with the .css extention for use as styles in the shadow DOM.
*/
$(query: ?string): HTMLElement | ShadowRoot
/*
jQuery like helper method to querying stuff in the shadow dom. An empty string or no parameter can be passed in and the method will return the custom element instance. ':host' will select the shadow DOM root, just like the CSS rule.
*/
$$(query: string): NodeList
/*
jQuery like helper method to querying stuff in the shadow dom. An empty string or no parameter can be passed in and the method will return the custom element instance. ':host' will select the shadow DOM root, just like the CSS rule.
*/

Example

import { registerFunctionComponent } from 'https://unpkg.com/webact';

function FancyButton() {
  const { html, css, postRender, $ } = this;

  html`
    <button type="button">
      <slot></slot>
    </button>
  `;

  css`
    button {
      background-color: pink;
      color: gold;
      padding: 0.5em 1em;
      border-radius: 4px;
    }
  `;

  postRender(() => {
    const button = $('button');

    button.addEventListener('click', () => {}, false);
  });
}

export default registerFunctionComponent(FancyButton);

Interop with React and similar

export default the result of the registerComponent method. This method returns the name of the custom element for this component. In the example below that would be my-app.

my-app.js:

import { Component, registerComponent } from 'https://unpkg.com/webact';

class MyApp extends Component {
  static get observedAttributes() {
    return ['to-whom'];
  }

  render({ toWhom }) {
    return `<b>Hello ${toWhom}</b>`;
  }
}

export default registerComponent(MyApp);

then in a React component import and use it like any other React component;

import * as React from 'react';

import MyRealApp from './my-app.js';

export default function MyReactApp () {
  return (
    <div class="ugly-jsx">
      <MyRealApp to-whom="Jeremy" />
    </div>
  );
}

This process should be the same for all virtual DOMs and JSX implementations.

Usage

Webact is currently running live in production at these sites.

Saoirse

URL: https://saoir.se

A small website to find music ids across music services. This site uses server site rendering with Wext.js. And uses Webact for all client side component. (Which are pre-filled on the server using Wext.js).

Podd-App

URL: https://podd.app

A progressive web app where you can listen to podcasts. The site server side render web components (made with Webact) with help from Wext.js (bascially just an express with support for sending partials of new pages upon navigation).

Plypp Piano Beta

URL: https://plypp-beta.netlify.com

A piano applicaton with uses sound fonts. A sound font is pretty huge so time to interactive is a bit long, sorry about that. Web components here use the functional component pattern of Webact with css and html template string hooks.