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HTTP server functions and utilities (NOTE: this is in the process of being split into separate packages under `@http`)

Works with
It is unknown whether this package works with Bun
It is unknown whether this package works with Cloudflare Workers
It is unknown whether this package works with Node.js
This package works with Deno
This package works with Browsers
JSR Score
a month ago

HTTP Functions for Deno

This is a collection of functions to aid building of a HTTP service in Deno.

They can be used instead of a monolithic router framework, or in tandem with one.

The bullet points

  • A library of composable functions rather than a monolithic router class
  • Based on web standard Request => Response functions
  • Works with Deno.serve
  • Routing based on various criteria
    • URLPattern
    • Method
    • Media Type
  • Request and Response helper functions
  • Generate router module from filesystem based handlers
    • Static or dynamic imports
    • Build time or runtime discovery
  • Request/Response interceptor function chains
    • Logging
    • CORS
  • Deno.serve options helper fns for various hosting scenarios
    • Development on localhost (including https support)
    • Deno Deploy

An Example

Let's start with a really simple example, a router for GET /hello...

import { handle } from "jsr:@http/fns/handle";
import { byPattern } from "jsr:@http/fns/by_pattern";
import { byMethod } from "jsr:@http/fns/by_method";

      GET: () => {
        return new Response("Hello world");

As you can see this is a fairly difference approach to the routers you may be used to.

The main idea is to compose your router from simple Request => Response functions.

Let's take a look at each part of the example, starting with byPattern (we'll come back to handle later):


This function actually creates a handler function, which attempts to match the request URL against the given pattern, and if it matches calls the handler given in its 2nd arg, in this case...

  GET: ...

Again this creates another handler function, which attempts to match the request HTTP method against a key in the given record of method => handlers. If it matches the HTTP method, the associated handler is called...

() => {
  return new Response("Hello world");

So, this will be the handler function for GET /hello, the function is passed the Request and returns a Response.

But what if the user hits GET /other, and byPattern doesn't match the pattern?

Well the function can return null to indicate that this request cannot be handled, and this is where handle comes in. It can take an array of handlers, and try each one until a non-null response is returned, and if no response comes a fallback handler is invoked. By default returning a 404 Not Found, but a different fallback function can be supplied where necessary.

Although handle itself is just a convenience function for a common combination of cascade and withFallback functions, which can be used independently for a more flexible approach. See below for the full documentation of these.

You can read more about the concepts in the blog, although it may not remain totally up to date with the state of this library.

Common handler concepts

Response or null

Although based on Request => Response functions, there is a little more to it than that, for example, many functions produced by the by* helpers may also return null instead of a Response, and where a regular handler is required the withFallback function can be used to catch the null and return a concrete Response. The Response or null may also be as a promise.

Additional arguments

Also, many handlers may also accept additional arguments beyond the first Request, for example, in the case of byPatten(pattern, handler), the handler is given the request and the pattern match result as arguments...

((request: Request, match: URLPatternResult) => Awaitable<Response | null>);

Argument shunting

Most of the by* helpers will pass arguments on as is, or shunt the arguments along if they want to introduce their own, so for example, byPattern(pattern, handler) returns a handler with the type:

(request: Request, ...additionalArgs: SomeArgsType) => ...

but the actual handler you pass to it is actually...

(request: Request, match: URLPatternResult, ...additionalArgs: SomeArgsType) => ...

It has the extra match argument insert before all other arguments that are just passed along.

This allows the handlers created via by* helpers to work with a wide variety of other frameworks, as it's totally agnostic to the extra arguments beyond the Request. So when you use these functions with Deno.serve for example, your pattern handler function will actually have the signature:

(request: Request, match: URLPatternResult, info: Deno.ServeHandlerInfo) => ...

So you still have this extra context available to you in your handler.

Take a look inside

This is just a library of functions, and these are kept as simple a possible with the intention that it is easy to take a look inside of each function and see exactly what it does, the documentation below links to the source of each function and an example of it's usage, and I encourage you follow these and take a good look at the code.

Also, in general each module represents a single function, intended to be imported individually, so you only import exactly what you need, not a mountain of unused features. You'll find no mod.ts or deps.ts around here.


There are many examples that can be executed directly, and many tests for these examples.

You can run them after cloning this repo, for example:

deno run -A examples/logging.ts

or directly from jsr:

deno run -A

or directly from GitHub:

deno run -A

Many of the examples have accompanying tests, which I hope to improve coverage of as time permits. I'd encourage you to take a look at the tests to see how each example can be exercised. You can also run the whole test suite simply with:

deno task test


  • Routing
    • Criteria
      • byPattern
      • bySubPattern
      • byMethod
      • byMediaType
    • Delegation
      • handle
      • cascade
      • withFallback
      • lazy
    • Handlers
      • staticRoute
    • Filesystem
      • discoverRoutes
      • dynamicRoute
      • generateRoutesModule
      • Fresh compatibility (TODO)
  • Interceptors
    • intercept
    • interceptResponse
    • skip
    • byStatus
    • logging
    • cors
  • Utilities
  • Hosting (TODO)
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