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Resultar is a TypeScript library that provides a robust way to handle operations that can either succeed or fail. It introduces Result and ResultAsync types, which represent the outcome of synchronous and asynchronous operations, respectively.

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JSR Score
76%
Published
2 months ago (0.9.0)

Resultar

About

Resultar is a TypeScript library for robust, type-safe error handling without throwing exceptions. It's a fork of the excellent neverthrow library, adding features for more flexibility in error handling

In the spirit of open-source development, resultar builds upon the solid foundation laid by neverthrow, extending its functionality to better suit specific needs. It introduces additional methods and functions such as tap, safeTryAsync, and fromThrowableAsync and finally providing more flexibility and control in error handling.

Description

Encode failure into your program.

This package contains a Result type that represents either success (Ok) or failure (Err).

For asynchronous tasks, resultar offers a ResultAsync class which wraps a Promise<Result<T, E>> and gives you the same level of expressivity and control as a regular Result<T, E>.

ResultAsync is thenable meaning it behaves exactly like a native Promise<Result> ... except you have access to the same methods that Result provides without having to await or .then the promise!

Check out the wiki for examples and best practices.

Table Of Contents

Installation

> npm install resultar

Top-Level API

resultar exposes the following:

  • ok convenience function to create an Ok variant of Result
  • err convenience function to create an Err variant of Result
  • Ok class and type
  • Err class and type
  • Result Type as well as namespace / object from which to call Result.fromThrowable, Result.combine.
  • ResultAsync class
  • okAsync convenience function to create a ResultAsync containing an Ok type Result
  • errAsync convenience function to create a ResultAsync containing an Err type Result
import {
  ok,
  Ok,
  err,
  Err,
  Result,
  okAsync,
  errAsync,
  ResultAsync,
  fromThrowable,
  fromPromise,
  fromSafePromise,
  safeTry,
} from 'resultar'

Check out the wiki for help on how to make the most of resultar.


API Documentation

Synchronous API (Result)

ok

Constructs an Ok variant of Result

Signature:

ok<T, E>(value: T): Ok<T, E> { ... }

Example:

import { ok } from 'resultar'

const myResult = ok({ myData: 'test' }) // instance of `Ok`

myResult.isOk() // true
myResult.isErr() // false

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err

Constructs an Err variant of Result

Signature:

err<T, E>(error: E): Err<T, E> { ... }

Example:

import { err } from 'resultar'

const myResult = err('Oh noooo') // instance of `Err`

myResult.isOk() // false
myResult.isErr() // true

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Result.isOk (method)

Returns true if the result is an Ok variant

Signature:

isOk(): boolean { ... }

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Result.isErr (method)

Returns true if the result is an Err variant

Signature:

isErr(): boolean { ... }

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Result.map (method)

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<U, E> by applying a function to a contained Ok value, leaving an Err value untouched.

This function can be used to compose the results of two functions.

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  map<U>(callback: (value: T) => U): Result<U, E> { ... }
}

Example:

import { getLines } from 'imaginary-parser'
// ^ assume getLines has the following signature:
// getLines(str: string): Result<Array<string>, Error>

// since the formatting is deemed correct by `getLines`
// then it means that `linesResult` is an Ok
// containing an Array of strings for each line of code
const linesResult = getLines('1\n2\n3\n4\n')

// this Result now has a Array<number> inside it
const newResult = linesResult.map(
  (arr: Array<string>) => arr.map(parseInt)
)

newResult.isOk() // true

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Result.mapErr (method)

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<T, F> by applying a function to a contained Err value, leaving an Ok value untouched.

This function can be used to pass through a successful result while handling an error.

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  mapErr<F>(callback: (error: E) => F): Result<T, F> { ... }
}

Example:

import { parseHeaders } from 'imaginary-http-parser'
// imagine that parseHeaders has the following signature:
// parseHeaders(raw: string): Result<SomeKeyValueMap, ParseError>

const rawHeaders = 'nonsensical gibberish and badly formatted stuff'

const parseResult = parseHeaders(rawHeaders)

parseResult.mapErr(parseError => {
  res.status(400).json({
    error: parseError
  })
})

parseResult.isErr() // true

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Result.unwrapOr (method)

Unwrap the Ok value, or return the default if there is an Err

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  unwrapOr<T>(value: T): T { ... }
}

Example:

const myResult = err('Oh noooo')

const multiply = (value: number): number => value * 2

const unwrapped: number = myResult.map(multiply).unwrapOr(10)

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Result.andThen (method)

Same idea as map above. Except you must return a new Result.

The returned value will be a Result. As of v4.1.0-beta, you are able to return distinct error types (see signature below). Prior to v4.1.0-beta, the error type could not be distinct.

This is useful for when you need to do a subsequent computation using the inner T value, but that computation might fail.

Additionally, andThen is really useful as a tool to flatten a Result<Result<A, E2>, E1> into a Result<A, E2> (see example below).

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  // Note that the latest version lets you return distinct errors as well.
  // If the error types (E and F) are the same (like `string | string`)
  // then they will be merged into one type (`string`)
  andThen<U, F>(
    callback: (value: T) => Result<U, F>
  ): Result<U, E | F> { ... }
}

Example 1: Chaining Results

import { err, ok } from 'resultar'

const sq = (n: number): Result<number, number> => ok(n ** 2)

ok(2)
  .andThen(sq)
  .andThen(sq) // Ok(16)

ok(2)
  .andThen(sq)
  .andThen(err) // Err(4)

ok(2)
  .andThen(err)
  .andThen(sq) // Err(2)

err(3)
  .andThen(sq)
  .andThen(sq) // Err(3)

Example 2: Flattening Nested Results

// It's common to have nested Results
const nested = ok(ok(1234))

// notNested is a Ok(1234)
const notNested = nested.andThen((innerResult) => innerResult)

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Result.asyncAndThen (method)

Same idea as andThen above, except you must return a new ResultAsync.

The returned value will be a ResultAsync.

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  asyncAndThen<U, F>(
    callback: (value: T) => ResultAsync<U, F>
  ): ResultAsync<U, E | F> { ... }
}

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Result.orElse (method)

Takes an Err value and maps it to a Result<T, SomeNewType>. This is useful for error recovery.

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  orElse<A>(
    callback: (error: E) => Result<T, A>
  ): Result<T, A> { ... }
}

Example:

enum DatabaseError {
  PoolExhausted = 'PoolExhausted',
  NotFound = 'NotFound',
}

const dbQueryResult: Result<string, DatabaseError> = err(DatabaseError.NotFound)

const updatedQueryResult = dbQueryResult.orElse((dbError) =>
  dbError === DatabaseError.NotFound
    ? ok('User does not exist') // error recovery branch: ok() must be called with a value of type string
    //
    //
    // err() can be called with a value of any new type that you want
    // it could also be called with the same error value
    //     
    //     err(dbError)
    : err(500) 
)

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Result.match (method)

Given 2 functions (one for the Ok variant and one for the Err variant) execute the function that matches the Result variant.

Match callbacks do not necessitate to return a Result, however you can return a Result if you want to.

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  match<A>(
    okCallback: (value: T) =>  A,
    errorCallback: (error: E) =>  A
  ): A => { ... }
}

match is like chaining map and mapErr, with the distinction that with match both functions must have the same return type. The differences between match and chaining map and mapErr are that:

  • with match both functions must have the same return type A
  • match unwraps the Result<T, E> into an A (the match functions' return type)
    • This makes no difference if you are performing side effects only

Example:

// map/mapErr api
// note that you DON'T have to append mapErr
// after map which means that you are not required to do
// error handling
computationThatMightFail().map(console.log).mapErr(console.error)

// match api
// works exactly the same as above since both callbacks
// only perform side effects,
// except, now you HAVE to do error handling :)
computationThatMightFail().match(console.log, console.error)

// Returning values
const attempt = computationThatMightFail()
  .map((str) => str.toUpperCase())
  .mapErr((err) => `Error: ${err}`)
// `attempt` is of type `Result<string, string>`

const answer = computationThatMightFail().match(
  (str) => str.toUpperCase(),
  (err) => `Error: ${err}`
)
// `answer` is of type `string`

If you don't use the error parameter in your match callback then match is equivalent to chaining map with unwrapOr:

const answer = computationThatMightFail().match(
  (str) => str.toUpperCase(),
  () => 'ComputationError'
)
// `answer` is of type `string`

const answer = computationThatMightFail()
  .map((str) => str.toUpperCase())
  .unwrapOr('ComputationError')

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Result.asyncMap (method)

Similar to map except for two things:

  • the mapping function must return a Promise
  • asyncMap returns a ResultAsync

You can then chain the result of asyncMap using the ResultAsync apis (like map, mapErr, andThen, etc.)

Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  asyncMap<U>(
    callback: (value: T) => Promise<U>
  ): ResultAsync<U, E> { ... }
}

Example:

import { parseHeaders } from 'imaginary-http-parser'
// imagine that parseHeaders has the following signature:
// parseHeaders(raw: string): Result<SomeKeyValueMap, ParseError>

const asyncRes = parseHeaders(rawHeader)
  .map(headerKvMap => headerKvMap.Authorization)
  .asyncMap(findUserInDatabase)

Note that in the above example if parseHeaders returns an Err then .map and .asyncMap will not be invoked, and asyncRes variable will resolve to an Err when turned into a Result using await or .then().

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Result.fromThrowable (static class method)

Although Result is not an actual JS class, the way that fromThrowable has been implemented requires that you call fromThrowable as though it were a static method on Result. See examples below.

The JavaScript community has agreed on the convention of throwing exceptions. As such, when interfacing with third party libraries it's imperative that you wrap third-party code in try / catch blocks.

This function will create a new function that returns an Err when the original function throws.

It is not possible to know the types of the errors thrown in the original function, therefore it is recommended to use the second argument errorFn to map what is thrown to a known type.

Example:

import { Result } from 'resultar'

type ParseError = { message: string }
const toParseError = (): ParseError => ({ message: "Parse Error" })

const safeJsonParse = Result.fromThrowable(JSON.parse, toParseError)

// the function can now be used safely, if the function throws, the result will be an Err
const res = safeJsonParse("{");

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Result.combine (static class method)

Although Result is not an actual JS class, the way that combine has been implemented requires that you call combine as though it were a static method on Result. See examples below.

Combine lists of Results.

If you're familiar with Promise.all, the combine function works conceptually the same.

combine works on both heterogeneous and homogeneous lists. This means that you can have lists that contain different kinds of Results and still be able to combine them. Note that you cannot combine lists that contain both Results and ResultAsyncs.

The combine function takes a list of results and returns a single result. If all the results in the list are Ok, then the return value will be a Ok containing a list of all the individual Ok values.

If just one of the results in the list is an Err then the combine function returns that Err value (it short circuits and returns the first Err that it finds).

Formally speaking:

// homogeneous lists
function combine<T, E>(resultList: Result<T, E>[]): Result<T[], E>

// heterogeneous lists
function combine<T1, T2, E1, E2>(resultList: [ Result<T1, E1>, Result<T2, E2> ]): Result<[ T1, T2 ], E1 | E2>
function combine<T1, T2, T3, E1, E2, E3> => Result<[ T1, T2, T3 ], E1 | E2 | E3>
function combine<T1, T2, T3, T4, E1, E2, E3, E4> => Result<[ T1, T2, T3, T4 ], E1 | E2 | E3 | E4>
// ... etc etc ad infinitum

Example:

const resultList: Result<number, never>[] =
  [ok(1), ok(2)]

const combinedList: Result<number[], unknown> =
  Result.combine(resultList)

Example with tuples:

/** @example tuple(1, 2, 3) === [1, 2, 3] // with type [number, number, number] */
const tuple = <T extends any[]>(...args: T): T => args

const resultTuple: [Result<string, never>, Result<string, never>] =
  tuple(ok('a'), ok('b'))

const combinedTuple: Result<[string, string], unknown> =
  Result.combine(resultTuple)

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Result.combineWithAllErrors (static class method)

Although Result is not an actual JS class, the way that combineWithAllErrors has been implemented requires that you call combineWithAllErrors as though it were a static method on Result. See examples below.

Like combine but without short-circuiting. Instead of just the first error value, you get a list of all error values of the input result list.

If only some results fail, the new combined error list will only contain the error value of the failed results, meaning that there is no guarantee of the length of the new error list.

Function signature:

// homogeneous lists
function combineWithAllErrors<T, E>(resultList: Result<T, E>[]): Result<T[], E[]>

// heterogeneous lists
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, E1, E2>(resultList: [ Result<T1, E1>, Result<T2, E2> ]): Result<[ T1, T2 ], (E1 | E2)[]>
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, T3, E1, E2, E3> => Result<[ T1, T2, T3 ], (E1 | E2 | E3)[]>
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, T3, T4, E1, E2, E3, E4> => Result<[ T1, T2, T3, T4 ], (E1 | E2 | E3 | E4)[]>
// ... etc etc ad infinitum

Example usage:

const resultList: Result<number, string>[] = [
  ok(123),
  err('boooom!'),
  ok(456),
  err('ahhhhh!'),
]

const result = Result.combineWithAllErrors(resultList)

// result is Err(['boooom!', 'ahhhhh!'])

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Result.safeUnwrap()

⚠️ You must use .safeUnwrap in a generator context with safeTry. Please see safeTry.

Allows for unwrapping a Result or returning an Err implicitly, thereby reducing boilerplate.

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Asynchronous API (ResultAsync)

okAsync

Constructs an Ok variant of ResultAsync

Signature:

okAsync<T, E>(value: T): ResultAsync<T, E>

Example:

import { okAsync } from 'resultar'

const myResultAsync = okAsync({ myData: 'test' }) // instance of `ResultAsync`

const myResult = await myResultAsync // instance of `Ok`

myResult.isOk() // true
myResult.isErr() // false

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errAsync

Constructs an Err variant of ResultAsync

Signature:

errAsync<T, E>(error: E): ResultAsync<T, E>

Example:

import { errAsync } from 'resultar'

const myResultAsync = errAsync('Oh nooo') // instance of `ResultAsync`

const myResult = await myResultAsync // instance of `Err`

myResult.isOk() // false
myResult.isErr() // true

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ResultAsync.fromPromise (static class method)

Transforms a PromiseLike<T> (that may throw) into a ResultAsync<T, E>.

The second argument handles the rejection case of the promise and maps the error from unknown into some type E.

Signature:

// fromPromise is a static class method
// also available as a standalone function
// import { fromPromise } from 'resultar'
ResultAsync.fromPromise<T, E>(
  promise: PromiseLike<T>,
  errorHandler: (unknownError: unknown) => E)
): ResultAsync<T, E> { ... }

If you are working with PromiseLike objects that you know for a fact will not throw, then use fromSafePromise in order to avoid having to pass a redundant errorHandler argument.

Example:

import { ResultAsync } from 'resultar'
import { insertIntoDb } from 'imaginary-database'
// insertIntoDb(user: User): Promise<User>

const res = ResultAsync.fromPromise(insertIntoDb(myUser), () => new Error('Database error'))
// `res` has a type of ResultAsync<User, Error>

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ResultAsync.fromSafePromise (static class method)

Same as ResultAsync.fromPromise except that it does not handle the rejection of the promise. Ensure you know what you're doing, otherwise a thrown exception within this promise will cause ResultAsync to reject, instead of resolve to a Result.

Signature:

// fromPromise is a static class method
// also available as a standalone function
// import { fromPromise } from 'resultar'
ResultAsync.fromSafePromise<T, E>(
  promise: PromiseLike<T>
): ResultAsync<T, E> { ... }

Example:

import { RouteError } from 'routes/error'

// simulate slow routes in an http server that works in a Result / ResultAsync context
// Adopted from https://github.com/parlez-vous/server/blob/2496bacf55a2acbebc30631b5562f34272794d76/src/routes/common/signup.ts
export const slowDown = <T>(ms: number) => (value: T) =>
  ResultAsync.fromSafePromise<T, RouteError>(
    new Promise((resolve) => {
      setTimeout(() => {
        resolve(value)
      }, ms)
    })
  )

export const signupHandler = route<User>((req, sessionManager) =>
  decode(userSignupDecoder, req.body, 'Invalid request body').map((parsed) => {
    return createUser(parsed)
      .andThen(slowDown(3000)) // slowdown by 3 seconds
      .andThen(sessionManager.createSession)
      .map(({ sessionToken, admin }) => AppData.init(admin, sessionToken))
  })
)

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ResultAsync.map (method)

Maps a ResultAsync<T, E> to ResultAsync<U, E> by applying a function to a contained Ok value, leaving an Err value untouched.

The applied function can be synchronous or asynchronous (returning a Promise<U>) with no impact to the return type.

This function can be used to compose the results of two functions.

Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  map<U>(
    callback: (value: T) => U | Promise<U>
  ): ResultAsync<U, E> { ... }
}

Example:

import { findUsersIn } from 'imaginary-database'
// ^ assume findUsersIn has the following signature:
// findUsersIn(country: string): ResultAsync<Array<User>, Error>

const usersInCanada = findUsersIn("Canada")

// Let's assume we only need their names
const namesInCanada = usersInCanada.map((users: Array<User>) => users.map(user => user.name))
// namesInCanada is of type ResultAsync<Array<string>, Error>

// We can extract the Result using .then() or await
namesInCanada.then((namesResult: Result<Array<string>, Error>) => {
  if(namesResult.isErr()){
    console.log("Couldn't get the users from the database", namesResult.error)
  }
  else{
    console.log("Users in Canada are named: " + namesResult.value.join(','))
  }
})

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ResultAsync.mapErr (method)

Maps a ResultAsync<T, E> to ResultAsync<T, F> by applying a function to a contained Err value, leaving an Ok value untouched.

The applied function can be synchronous or asynchronous (returning a Promise<F>) with no impact to the return type.

This function can be used to pass through a successful result while handling an error.

Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  mapErr<F>(
    callback: (error: E) => F | Promise<F>
  ): ResultAsync<T, F> { ... }
}

Example:

import { findUsersIn } from 'imaginary-database'
// ^ assume findUsersIn has the following signature:
// findUsersIn(country: string): ResultAsync<Array<User>, Error>

// Let's say we need to low-level errors from findUsersIn to be more readable
const usersInCanada = findUsersIn("Canada").mapErr((error: Error) => {
  // The only error we want to pass to the user is "Unknown country"
  if(error.message === "Unknown country"){
    return error.message
  }
  // All other errors will be labelled as a system error
  return "System error, please contact an administrator."
})

// usersInCanada is of type ResultAsync<Array<User>, string>

usersInCanada.then((usersResult: Result<Array<User>, string>) => {
  if(usersResult.isErr()){
    res.status(400).json({
      error: usersResult.error
    })
  }
  else{
    res.status(200).json({
      users: usersResult.value
    })
  }
})

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ResultAsync.unwrapOr (method)

Unwrap the Ok value, or return the default if there is an Err.
Works just like Result.unwrapOr but returns a Promise<T> instead of T.

Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  unwrapOr<T>(value: T): Promise<T> { ... }
}

Example:

const unwrapped: number = await errAsync(0).unwrapOr(10)
// unwrapped = 10

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ResultAsync.andThen (method)

Same idea as map above. Except the applied function must return a Result or ResultAsync.

ResultAsync.andThen always returns a ResultAsync no matter the return type of the applied function.

This is useful for when you need to do a subsequent computation using the inner T value, but that computation might fail.

andThen is really useful as a tool to flatten a ResultAsync<ResultAsync<A, E2>, E1> into a ResultAsync<A, E2> (see example below).

Signature:

// Note that the latest version (v4.1.0-beta) lets you return distinct errors as well.
// If the error types (E and F) are the same (like `string | string`)
// then they will be merged into one type (`string`)

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  andThen<U, F>(
    callback: (value: T) => Result<U, F> | ResultAsync<U, F>
  ): ResultAsync<U, E | F> { ... }
}

Example


import { validateUser } from 'imaginary-validator'
import { insertUser } from 'imaginary-database'
import { sendNotification } from 'imaginary-service'

// ^ assume validateUser, insertUser and sendNotification have the following signatures:
// validateUser(user: User): Result<User, Error>
// insertUser(user): ResultAsync<User, Error>
// sendNotification(user): ResultAsync<void, Error>

const resAsync = validateUser(user)
               .andThen(insertUser)
               .andThen(sendNotification)

// resAsync is a ResultAsync<void, Error>

resAsync.then((res: Result<void, Error>) => {
  if(res.isErr()){
    console.log("Oops, at least one step failed", res.error)
  }
  else{
    console.log("User has been validated, inserted and notified successfully.")
  }
})

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Result.tap (method)

Executes a side effect function with the Ok value and returns the original Result. This method is useful for performing actions that do not modify the Result itself, such as logging or updating external state. Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  tap(f: (t: T) => void): Result<T, E> {..}
}

Example:

const fooValue = ok('foo')

const mapped = okVal.tap((value) => {
  console.log(value) // print foo
})
// mapped.value === 'foo'

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Result.finally (method)

Executes a cleanup function wether the is ok or error. This method is usefull to cleanup resources. Signature:

class Result<T, E> {
  finally(f: (value: T, error: E) => void): DisposableResult<T, E> {..}
}

Example:

const reader = ok(file) // content file is line 01

const result = reader.map(it => it.content).finally(_ => {
  file.close()
})

if (resul.isOk()) {
  console.log(result.value) // print line 01
}

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ResultAsync.orElse (method)

Takes an Err value and maps it to a ResultAsync<T, SomeNewType>. This is useful for error recovery.

Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  orElse<A>(
    callback: (error: E) => Result<T, A> | ResultAsync<T, A>
  ): ResultAsync<T, A> { ... }
}

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ResultAsync.tap (method)

Executes a side effect function with the Ok value and returns the original ResultAsync. This method is useful for performing actions that do not modify the ResultAsyn itself, such as logging or updating external state. Signature:

class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  tap(f: (t: T) => void | Promise<void>): ResultAsync<T, E> {...}
}

Example: See Result.tap (method)


[⬆️  Back to top](#toc)
---

#### `ResultAsync.match` (method)

Given 2 functions (one for the `Ok` variant and one for the `Err` variant) execute the function that matches the `ResultAsync` variant.

The difference with `Result.match` is that it always returns a `Promise` because of the asynchronous nature of the `ResultAsync`.

**Signature:**

```typescript
class ResultAsync<T, E> {
  match<A>(
    okCallback: (value: T) =>  A,
    errorCallback: (error: E) =>  A
  ): Promise<A> => { ... }
}

Example:


import { validateUser } from 'imaginary-validator'
import { insertUser } from 'imaginary-database'

// ^ assume validateUser and insertUser have the following signatures:
// validateUser(user: User): Result<User, Error>
// insertUser(user): ResultAsync<User, Error>

// Handle both cases at the end of the chain using match
const resultMessage = await validateUser(user)
        .andThen(insertUser)
        .match(
            (user: User) => `User ${user.name} has been successfully created`,
            (error: Error) =>  `User could not be created because ${error.message}`
        )

// resultMessage is a string

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ResultAsync.combine (static class method)

Combine lists of ResultAsyncs.

If you're familiar with Promise.all, the combine function works conceptually the same.

combine works on both heterogeneous and homogeneous lists. This means that you can have lists that contain different kinds of ResultAsyncs and still be able to combine them. Note that you cannot combine lists that contain both Results and ResultAsyncs.

The combine function takes a list of results and returns a single result. If all the results in the list are Ok, then the return value will be a Ok containing a list of all the individual Ok values.

If just one of the results in the list is an Err then the combine function returns that Err value (it short circuits and returns the first Err that it finds).

Formally speaking:

// homogeneous lists
function combine<T, E>(resultList: ResultAsync<T, E>[]): ResultAsync<T[], E>

// heterogeneous lists
function combine<T1, T2, E1, E2>(resultList: [ ResultAsync<T1, E1>, ResultAsync<T2, E2> ]): ResultAsync<[ T1, T2 ], E1 | E2>
function combine<T1, T2, T3, E1, E2, E3> => ResultAsync<[ T1, T2, T3 ], E1 | E2 | E3>
function combine<T1, T2, T3, T4, E1, E2, E3, E4> => ResultAsync<[ T1, T2, T3, T4 ], E1 | E2 | E3 | E4>
// ... etc etc ad infinitum

Example:

const resultList: ResultAsync<number, never>[] =
  [okAsync(1), okAsync(2)]

const combinedList: ResultAsync<number[], unknown> =
  ResultAsync.combine(resultList)

Example with tuples:

/** @example tuple(1, 2, 3) === [1, 2, 3] // with type [number, number, number] */
const tuple = <T extends any[]>(...args: T): T => args

const resultTuple: [ResultAsync<string, never>, ResultAsync<string, never>] =
  tuple(okAsync('a'), okAsync('b'))

const combinedTuple: ResultAsync<[string, string], unknown> =
  ResultAsync.combine(resultTuple)

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ResultAsync.combineWithAllErrors (static class method)

Like combine but without short-circuiting. Instead of just the first error value, you get a list of all error values of the input result list.

If only some results fail, the new combined error list will only contain the error value of the failed results, meaning that there is no guarantee of the length of the new error list.

Function signature:

// homogeneous lists
function combineWithAllErrors<T, E>(resultList: ResultAsync<T, E>[]): ResultAsync<T[], E[]>

// heterogeneous lists
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, E1, E2>(resultList: [ ResultAsync<T1, E1>, ResultAsync<T2, E2> ]): ResultAsync<[ T1, T2 ], (E1 | E2)[]>
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, T3, E1, E2, E3> => ResultAsync<[ T1, T2, T3 ], (E1 | E2 | E3)[]>
function combineWithAllErrors<T1, T2, T3, T4, E1, E2, E3, E4> => ResultAsync<[ T1, T2, T3, T4 ], (E1 | E2 | E3 | E4)[]>
// ... etc etc ad infinitum

Example usage:

const resultList: ResultAsync<number, string>[] = [
  okAsync(123),
  errAsync('boooom!'),
  okAsync(456),
  errAsync('ahhhhh!'),
]

const result = ResultAsync.combineWithAllErrors(resultList)

// result is Err(['boooom!', 'ahhhhh!'])

ResultAsync.safeUnwrap()

⚠️ You must use .safeUnwrap in a generator context with safeTry. Please see safeTry.

Allows for unwrapping a Result or returning an Err implicitly, thereby reducing boilerplate.

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Utilities

fromThrowable

Top level export of Result.fromThrowable. Please find documentation at Result.fromThrowable

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fromPromise

Top level export of ResultAsync.fromPromise. Please find documentation at ResultAsync.fromPromise

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fromSafePromise

Top level export of ResultAsync.fromSafePromise. Please find documentation at ResultAsync.fromSafePromise

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safeTry

Used to implicityly return errors and reduce boilerplate.

Let's say we are writing a function that returns a Result, and in that function we call some functions which also return Results and we check those results to see whether we shold keep going or abort. Usually, we will write like the following.

declare function mayFail1(): Result<number, string>;
declare function mayFail2(): Result<number, string>;

function myFunc(): Result<number, string> {
    // We have to define a constant to hold the result to check and unwrap its value.
    const result1 = mayFail1();
    if (result1.isErr()) {
        return err(`aborted by an error from 1st function, ${result1.error}`);
    }
    const value1 = result1.value

    // Again, we need to define a constant and then check and unwrap.
    const result2 = mayFail2();
    if (result2.isErr()) {
        return err(`aborted by an error from 2nd function, ${result2.error}`);
    }
    const value2 = result2.value

    // And finally we return what we want to calculate
    return ok(value1 + value2);
}

Basically, we need to define a constant for each result to check whether it's a Ok and read its .value or .error.

With safeTry, we can state 'Return here if its an Err, otherwise unwrap it here and keep going.' in just one expression.

declare function mayFail1(): Result<number, string>;
declare function mayFail2(): Result<number, string>;

function myFunc(): Result<number, string> {
    return safeTry<number, string>(function*() {
        return ok(
            // If the result of mayFail1().mapErr() is an `Err`, the evaluation is
            // aborted here and the enclosing `safeTry` block is evaluated to that `Err`.
            // Otherwise, this `(yield* ...)` is evaluated to its `.value`.
            (yield* mayFail1()
                .mapErr(e => `aborted by an error from 1st function, ${e}`)
                .safeUnwrap())
            +
            // The same as above.
            (yield* mayFail2()
                .mapErr(e => `aborted by an error from 2nd function, ${e}`)
                .safeUnwrap())
        )
    })
}

To use safeTry, the points are as follows.

  • Wrap the entire block in a generator function
  • In that block, you can use yield* <RESULT> to state 'Return <RESULT> if it's an Err, otherwise evaluate to its .value'
  • Pass the generator function to safeTry

You can also use async generator function to pass an async block to safeTry.

// You can use either Promise<Result> or ResultAsync.
declare function mayFail1(): Promise<Result<number, string>>;
declare function mayFail2(): ResultAsync<number, string>;

function myFunc(): Promise<Result<number, string>> {
    return safeTry<number, string>(async function*() {
        return ok(
            // You have to await if the expression is Promise<Result>
            (yield* (await mayFail1())
                .mapErr(e => `aborted by an error from 1st function, ${e}`)
                .safeUnwrap())
            +
            // You can call `safeUnwrap` directly if its ResultAsync
            (yield* mayFail2()
                .mapErr(e => `aborted by an error from 2nd function, ${e}`)
                .safeUnwrap())
        )
    })
}

For more information, see https://github.com/supermacro/neverthrow/pull/448 and https://github.com/supermacro/neverthrow/issues/444

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Testing

Result instances have two unsafe methods, aptly called _unsafeUnwrap and _unsafeUnwrapErr which should only be used in a test environment.

_unsafeUnwrap takes a Result<T, E> and returns a T when the result is an Ok, otherwise it throws a custom object.

_unsafeUnwrapErr takes a Result<T, E> and returns a E when the result is an Err, otherwise it throws a custom object.

That way you can do something like:

expect(myResult._unsafeUnwrap()).toBe(someExpectation)

However, do note that Result instances are comparable. So you don't necessarily need to unwrap them in order to assert expectations in your tests. So you could also do something like this:

import { ok } from 'resultar'

// ...

expect(callSomeFunctionThatReturnsAResult("with", "some", "args")).toEqual(ok(someExpectation));

By default, the thrown value does not contain a stack trace. This is because stack trace generation makes error messages in Jest harder to understand. If you want stack traces to be generated, call _unsafeUnwrap and / or _unsafeUnwrapErr with a config object:

_unsafeUnwrapErr({
  withStackTrace: true,
})

// ^ Now the error object will have a `.stack` property containing the current stack

License

The resultar project is available as open source under the terms of the MIT license.

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